定语从句考试的场面彻底解析,高级中学三年都急需,建议收藏!

原标题:that和which傻傻分不清楚?叁分钟精晓定语从句!

世家都晓得土耳其(Turkey)语中动词一般是用来做谓语的,不过当一句话中早已有了谓语动词时,剩下的动词将要变作非谓语动词了,由此非谓语动词在匈牙利(Hungary)语中很分布,关于非谓语动词的语法知识自然就要大家能够领悟领会,可是个中提到动词的变位、搭配等主题素材,有早晚的难度,接下去老师为大家整理了非谓语动词语法知识,考试前我们抓紧领会吧。

此后分析、消除难题要分那三步:what(是什么),why(为何),how(如何做)

定语从句是高中品级的要害,大家要牢记下边包车型大巴语法规则,并且要求经过之后的演练来逐步深透明白。学习中毫无疑问会遇到有些辛劳,糟糕弄懂的知识点一定要结成例句细心多看一遍。

一、概念

一、非谓语动词的概念

上面我们来探视怎么来做!

1. 定语从句中的基本概念

定语从句的概念,在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。

动词的宗旨用法是作谓语。当句中已经有了谓语动词了,要选或要填的动词就只好用非谓语情势了。

1、what:什么是定语从句?

在复合句中,修饰名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。

例如:

非谓语情势有三种:一、动词不定式:to do 二、动词的ing : doing
3、动词的过去分词:done。在那之中不定式表示目标和以后;动词的ing表示积极和张开;过去分词表示被动和成就。

在复合句中(在三个句子中有八个或七个以上主谓结构),限定某一名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句。

教导定语从句的词叫关系词。

1) The man who lives next to us is a
fool.

二、非谓语动词的时态和语态

1.在华语中:

被修饰的名词或代词叫先行词。定语从句一般位于先行词的背后。

2) You must buy me the house which is
near Xiangshan.

一般式:不定式:主动to do ,被动to be done ; ing 情势:主动doing
,被动being done ;过去分词:被动done

    1.一 修饰名词的定语

二. 指导定语从句的关系词

地点两句中的the man和the
house是定语从句所修饰的词,叫先行词,定语从句放在先行词的末尾。

完成式:不定式:主动to have done ,被动to have been done;ing
形式:主动having done,被动having been done

          李嘉媛,2个仔细学习的女孩,一年之后将成为一中的美眉!

因材施教定语从句的关系词有关联代词和关联副词。

**二、关系词(连接词)**

进行式: 不定式to be doing

         
“3个俭朴读书的女孩”修饰名词“李嘉媛”,所以“叁个朴素学习的女孩”是名词“李嘉媛”的定语。

分布的涉及代词回顾that, which, who(宾格whom,全体格whose),as 等。

**1.涉嫌代词带领的定语从句**

三、非谓语动词的复合结构

    一.贰 修饰代词的定语

关系副词包含where, when,
why等。关系代词和涉及副词放在先行词及定语从句之间起一连成效,同时又作定语从句的根本元素。

指点定语从句的关系词有关联代词:that,
which, who (宾格whom, 全部格whose) 和涉嫌副词where, when,
why。关系词放在先行词和定语从句之间,起再三再四功能,同时还做定语从句的四个成分。

不定式的复合结构:for / of sb. to do sth.

他,多少个精美的女孩,战绩总是那么好!(“三个玄妙的女孩”修饰人称代词“她”,所以“3个理想的女孩”是定语)

3. 定语从句的归类

**2.有关that, which的用法注意点**

动词 ing 情势的复合结构:宾格或持有格+doing (-ing
方式作主语时,用的富有格+doing)

贰.在德语中,看看以下多少个例证,也是修饰名词或代词,加粗的语句是定语从句:

根据定语从句与先行词的关联,定语从句可分为限制性定语从句及非限制性定语从句。

1)只可以用that,不用which作为定语从句关系代词的图景

  1. 不定式和动名词作者主语的区分

如:1) The man who lives next to us is a policeman.

1.
限制性定语从句紧跟先行词,主句与从句并非逗号分开,从句不可省去。比如:

a)不定代词,如anything, nothing, the
one, all, much, few, any, little等作先行词

(壹)动名词作者主语时,平日用于代表一件已知的事或经历,不定式短语平常用来表示一件未产生的事或目的。

      (定语从句修饰名词“the man”)

Any man that / who has a sense of duty won’t do such a thing.

There is nothing that I can
do.

Driving a car during the rush hour is
tiring.在巅峰时刻驾驶令人发指痛恨。(经验)

2) You must do everything that I do.

其它有义务感的人都不会做如此的事。

I mean the one that was bought
yesterday.

(2)不定式做主语,一般用it当方式主语,把作主语的不定式短语前置。

        (定语从句修饰不定代词everything)

二.
非限制性定语从句主句与从句之间有逗号分开,起补充表明效益,如省去,意思仍完整。举个例子:

b)先行词有the only, the very, the same,
the last修饰

It took me only five minutes to finish the job.

二、what(什么是先行词)

The house,which we bought last month,is very nice.

This is the very book that I want to
find.

  1. 不定式、动名词和分词作者表语的区分

     
上边两句中的man和everything是定语从句所修饰的词,叫先行词,定语从句放在先行词的末尾。

那幢房屋极美貌,是我们下一个月买的.

The last place that I visited was the
hospital.

(1)不定式作表语

叁、what(定语从句是哪1部分)

瞩目:非限定性定语从句中不能够使用关系代词 that。

c)先行词为序数词、数词、形容词最高档时

一 不定式作表语一般代表具体动作,尤其是意味今后的动作。

      关系代词+关系代词前面单词,举例:

四. 关系代词的用法

This is the first composition that he
has written in English.

What I would suggest is to start work at once.小编的提出是随即初步干。

      who lives next to us is a policeman

1. that

d)先行词既有人,又有物时

2 借使主语是不定式(表示原则),表语也只要不定式(表示结果)。

四、what(引导定语从句的关联代词和关系副词有何)

that既能够用于指人,也足以用来指物。在定语从句中作主语、宾语或表语,作宾语可粗略。比如:

He talked about the teachers and
schools that he had visited.

To see is to believe.百闻比不上一见。

   

Mary likes music that is quiet and gentle.

**2)不用that, 只用which的情况**

(贰)动名词作者表语:动名词作者表语,表示抽象的不以为奇的一坐一起。

www.7376.com,  * 引导定语从句的词有涉及代词that, which, who(宾格whom,
全体格whose)和关联副词where, when、why

玛丽喜欢轻柔的音乐。(that作主语)

a)指导非限定性定语从句时which

His hobby is collecting stamps.他的欢欣是集邮。

    how(小编该如何本领1回难忘它们?)

The coat (that) I put on the desk is blue.

The tree, which is four hundred years
old, is very famous here.

(三)分词作者表语

www.7376.com 1

本身放在桌子上的那件T恤是奶油色的。(that作宾语)

b)介词后用which

分词做表语有三种意况,一种是明天分词做表语,壹种是过去分词做表语,那2者分别是考查中不时考到的地点。

伍、what(关系词的意义)

2. which

We depend on the land from which we get
our food.

puzzling令人费解的–puzzled认为费解的

          * 关系词常有八个效率:1、指导定语从句 2、取代先行词
三、在定语从句中担负二个元素,其实结合实例来记,能够统一从八个职能:一、指点定语从句
二、代替先行词
在定语从句中担任1个成分。对着上边的句子来3回难忘那五个功用:

which 用于指物,在句中作主语、宾语或表语,作宾语可粗略。举例:

**叁.提到副词指导的定语从句**

satisfying令人知足的—satisfied以为满意的

You must do everything that I do.

The building which stands near the train station is a
supermarket.位于高铁站左近的那座大楼是一家超级市场。(作主语)

关系副词可代表的先行词是岁月、地方或理由的名词,在从句中作状语。

The pupils will get confused if they are made to learn too
much.借使要学生学得太多,他们会深感糊涂的。

下边来具体地球科学习各样定语从句,在上学的进程中问本身三个难点:

The film (which) we saw last night was wonderful.

1)先行词是意味地方名词时(country,
school,
room…),而关联词取代先行词在定语从句中出任地方状语,一般用where指导定语从句。也足以用介词+which的布局。值得注意的是which前的介词选取是依据先行词与介词的铺垫关系而定。

The argument is very convincing.他的论点很相信。

what(先行词是人照旧物?应该对照图该选拔怎么着关系词)

大家今天早晨看的这部电影绝对美丽。(作宾语)

Beijing is the place in which (=where)
I was born.

  1. 不定式和动名词作者宾语的界别

why(为何用这几个关系词?先行词是人依旧物,在从句中做怎么样成分,从而明确关系词在句中做做什么成分,进而显著是选择主格、宾格还是全数格,怎么更有逻辑地来判断?)

3. who, whom

He wants to find the place in which
(=where) he lived forty years ago.

(壹)有些动词只好用动名词作宾语

how(关系词是何等在从句中做元素的?)

who, whom 用于指人,who
用作主语和表语,whom用作宾语。在口语中,有时可用who替代whom,也可总结。举个例子:

2)先行词是代表时间名词时(year, month,
day, night…),而涉嫌词替代先行词在定语

acknowledge,admit ,dislike, advocate,complete,appreciate
,avoid,enjoy,delay,escape,deny

二、关系代词引导的定语从句

The girl who often helps me with my English is from England.

从句中担负时间状语,一般用when教导定语从句。也得以用介词+which的组织。值得注意的是when前的介词选拔是基于先行词与介词的选配关系而定。

例如:I appreciate having been given the opportunity to study abroad two
years ago.

* 1.who指人,在从句中做主语

不时在匈牙利语方面支持笔者的不胜女孩是意大利人。(who 作主语)

His father died that year in which
(=when) he was born.

自家很谢谢两年前给自家出国读书的机遇。

(1)The boys who are playing football are from Class One.

Who is the teacher (whom) Li Ming is talking to?

I cannot forget the first day on which
(=when) my family moved into the city.

(二)有个别动词后使用动名词和动词不定式作宾语的差异

(2)Yesterday I helped an old man who lost his way.

正在与李明谈话的上将是何人?(whom 作宾语)

**叁)先行词是the
reason,而关联词代替先行词在定语从句中担纲原因状语,一般用why指引定语从句。也足以用for

一 forget to do 忘记要去做某事(此事未做),forget
doing忘记做过某事(此事已做过或已发生)

* 贰. whom指人,在定语从句中担纲宾语,常可粗略。

4. as

  • which的结构。**

2 stop to do 甘休、中断(某件事),目标是去做另1件事。stop doing
甘休正在或常常做的事

(1) Mr. Liu is the person (whom) you talked about.

一 带领限定性定语从句时,指与先行词相似的人或物,必须用于
such/so…as…或 the same…as…结构中,比如:

Is this the reason for which (why) he
refused our offer?

三 remember to do 记住去做某事(未做),remember doing记得做过某事(已做)

小心:关系代词whom在口语和业余语体中常用who代替,可粗略。

Such people as were mentioned by him were honest.

唯独此间要建议的是,假使介词和Which搭配在联合并不意味以上二种意思,则大家只好保留介词+Which的款式。如
I know English in which I wrote the love letter.

四 regret to do对要做的事遗憾,regret doing对做过的事遗憾、后悔

(2) The man (who/whom )you met just now is my friend.

被她涉及的如此的人是安安分分的。

**四.判定关系代词与关系副词**

五 try to do努力、妄想做某事,try doing试验、试1试某种情势

* 3. which指物,在定语从句中做主语大概宾语,做宾语时可归纳

Last term our maths teacher set so difficult an examination problem as
none of us worked out.

用关系代词,还是涉及副词完全在于从句中的谓语动词。及物动词前边无宾语,就必须要**求用关系代词;而不比物动词则须求用关系副词。**

⑥ mean to do打算,有意要…,mean doing意味着

(1) Football is a game which is liked by most boys. ( which
在句子中做主语)

上学期大家数学老师出了一道我们从不一位会的数学题。

内容来源 互连网 若有侵权 联系删除

  1. 不定式和分词作者状语的界别

(2) This is the pen (which) he bought yesterday. ( which 在句子中做宾语)

This is the same bag as I lost yesterday.

感谢归来今日头条,查看愈来愈多

(一)以往分词与过去分词作者状语的界别。

* 肆.
that指人时,也正是who恐怕whom;指物时,约等于which,在定语从句中做主语或许宾语,做宾语时可粗略。

那是和自家前日买的包同样的包。

主编:

①现在分词作者状语时,未来分词的动作正是句子主语的动作,它们之间的关联是主动关系。

(1) The people that/who come to visit the city are all here.
(在句子中做主语)

2指点非限定性定语从句时,只好修饰句子,可放置被修饰句子前边、前边或主谓之间,翻译成“正如…这样”

Not knowing what to do, he went to his parents for help.

(2) Where is the man (that/whom )I saw this morning? (在句子中做宾语)

例如:The earth moves around the sun, as we all know.

②过去分词作者状语时,过去分词表示的动作是句子主语承受的动作,它们之间的关联是被动关系。

* 5. whose日常指人,也可指物,在定语从句中做定语

As we all know,The earth moves around the sun.

Given more attention, the trees could have grown better.

(1) He has a friend whose father is a doctor.

The earth, as we all know, moves around the sun

  1. 非谓语动词常考的此外组织

(2) I lived in a house whose roof has fallen in.

叁 在非限制性定语从句中,which和as指引定语从句时的分别:

(一)疑问词+不定式结构

whose指物时,常用以下结构来代替

a.
which带领的从句无法放在主句前,而as教导的从句则既能够放在主句前,也得以放在主句后,还是能献身主谓之间。

疑问词who,what,which,when,where和how后加不定式可组成壹种尤其的不定式短语。它在句中能够用作主语、宾语、表语和另行宾语。

(3)The classroom whose door is broken will soon be repaired.

b.
as和which都得以代替一个句子,但as有“正如”、“就像是”之意,which则未有此意义。

When to start has not been decided.什么时候动身尚未决定。(主语)

=The classroom the door of which is broken will soon be repaired.

c. as 指点的非限定定语从句只可以修饰句子,which
指引的非限定性定语从句能够修饰句子,也可以修饰名词。

I don’t know what to do.小编不知底该怎么做。(宾语)

(4)Do you like the book whose color is yellow?

5. 当定语从句中富含介词,介词放在句末时,who, whom,
that,which可省略,但介词在论及代词前时,只可以用“介词+which/whom”结构。

The difficulty was how to cross the river.不方便在于如何过河。(表语)

=Do you like the book the color of which is yellow?

例如:This is the house in which we lived last year.

I can tell you where to get this
book.笔者能够告诉你哪儿能够买到此书。(双重宾语)

* 具体使用时还要注意下列难点:

那是我们二〇一八年居住的房子。

(二)不带to的不定式

壹、只好动用that,不用which 的事态(不必死记,只需对照初级中学毕业生升学考试题能表露规则即 
  可):

Please tell me from whom you borrowed the English novel.

一 在象征生理认为的动词后的不定式不带to。

* 一) 抢先行词是:all , any , anything , everything ,
nothing或被它们修饰时。Is there anything that I can do for you ?
有哪些可认为您做的啊?

请告诉自个儿你从哪个人那借的那本英文小说。

那类词有: feel observe overhear watch listen to perceive notice see
look at hear

All that can be done must be done . 凡是能做的都不能够不做。

富含介词的一贯动词词组中,介词不可前置,只好放在原来的职责上。

On seeing the young child fell into the lake,Eric sprang to his
feet,and went on the rescue.

* 二)超过行词被形容词的最高端或序数词修饰时。例如:

例如:This is the person whom you are looking for.

贰 另1类是少数使役动词,如make, let,have等。

That is one of the most interesting books that are sold in the bookshop
.

这便是你要找的丰富人。

I would have you know that I am ill.作者想让您知道自身病了。

那是这家书店出卖的最棒玩的书之1。

六. 关系词只好用that的景况

上述认为动词与使意动词调换为被动结构时.其后的不定式一般需带to,

The first thing that we should do is to get some food .

1先行词被序数词或形容词最高等所修饰,或自己是序数词、形容词最高档时,只可以用that,而不用which.

The boy was made to go to bed early.

咱俩该做的率先件事是弄点吃的。

例如:He was the first person that passed the exam.

③ 在do nothing/anything/everything but(except)结构中。

* 三)超过行词有:the only , the very , the same , the last
等修饰时。举例:

她是率先个经过试验的人。

例如:Last night I did nothing but watch TV.

My necklace is not the only thing that’s missing .

抢先行词指人时,偶尔也得以用关系代词who。

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